Infertility is the inability of a person to reproduce by natural means and is considered a medical condition. Infertility can be broken down into primary and secondary infertility. For women, primary infertility refers to the inability to give birth either because of not being able to conceive or carry a child to live birth. Secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive or give birth after a successful previous pregnancy.
Lab tests that involve hormone testing at certain times during a menstrual cycle, measuring follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) on day 2 or 3 of the cycle, testing for estrogen to assess ovarian reserve, and measurements of thyroid function etc can be done to diagnose infertility.
Infertility Due to Overweight
Twelve percent of all infertility cases result from a woman either being underweight or overweight. Fat cells produce estrogen, in addition to the primary sex organs. Too much body fat causes production of too much estrogen and the body begins to react as if it is on birth control, limiting the odds of getting pregnant.
The infertility rate with polycystic ovaries is very high. Patients usually face difficulty getting pregnant – and require treatment to improve fertility. Some women with polycystic ovary syndrome ovulate occasionally – and others may never ovulate.
Infertility Due to Thyroid
Thyroid dysfunction has been shown to adversely affect fertility. It is a condition known to reduce the likelihood of pregnancy.The thyroid has an autoimmune function, which many studies have linked to conception failure.
Low Sperm Count
Low sperm count can be caused by three different types of factors, pre-testicular factors, testicular factors, or post-testicular factors. Pre-testicular factors are environmental and medical conditions outside the testicle that impact sperm production. Testicular factors are problems with the testicle itself, and post testicular factors are problems linked to the release of sperms. Avoiding sperm damaging medications, cigarettes, alcohol, and strenuous activities like bicycle riding can help.