Hypertension is the most common non communicable disease prevalent in the population, only after Diabetes Mellitus. Statistics suggest that every third person you meet is either a suffering from hypertension or would in the future.
Hypertension is defined as repeatedly elevated blood pressure, exceeding 140 mmHg over 90 mmHg— a systolic pressure above 140 with a diastolic pressure above 90
According to World Health Organisation: Hypertension, also known as high or raised blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of the body in the vessels. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood into the vessels. Blood pressure is created by the force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels (arteries) as it is pumped by the heart. The higher the pressure the harder the heart has to pump.
Read further to know the causes of Hypertension
Obesity: Not only does obesity have physical and psychological disadvantages, it also affects the physiological system.
Age: The older you get, the higher the chances of you being diagnosed with hypertension.
Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of pedal blood flow causes exaggerated force of the heart to pump more blood to the periphery. Repeated action of such exaggerated pumping causes hypertensive state of the heart wherein the heart continues to pump at an excessive rate even during positive pedal blood flow.
Heredity: Recent studies have suggested that, hypertension can be carried with your genes, it can be evaded with active lifestyle and healthy eating.
High salt intake/ High fat intake in your daily diet: Ingestion of high portions of salt and fat causes marginal rise in the blood pressure.
High mental stress: Work stress is known to cause increase in blood pressure momentarily, but if your work environment is constantly stressful, you increase your risk of hypertension.
Alcoholism & Smoking: Studies have suggested that smoking and alcohol consumption increases your risk of getting hypertension at an early age.
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