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How to Treat Fungal Infections?

How to Treat Fungal Infections?

The most common examples of fungal infections are athlete’s foot and yeast infection. A fungus is a primitive organism & can be spotted everywhere in soil, water, plants and the air. Fungi can also be found in the human body. Almost 80% of plant diseases can be traced to fungi. An interesting fact about fungi is that they can reproduce themselves sexually, asexually and through tiny spores in the air. So, they grow exponentially.

Fungi reproduce through the spores in the air are inhaled by humans resulting in the development of infections in the lungs and also on the skin. People with a weak immune system or those who take antibiotics can be at a higher risk of getting a fungal infection.

Symptoms

The symptoms can vary according to the type of fungal infection, but the most commonly visible symptoms are as follows:

  • Inflammation and discoloration of skin
  • Pigmentation, peeling or cracking skin
  • Itchy or fluid secreting skin
  • Redness and burning sensation
  • Blisters and sores

Types

The most commonly found fungal infections are as follows:

  1. Athlete's foot

It is one of the most common types of fungal infections that occurs on the foot. It is named as “athlete's foot” because it mostly affects people associated with sports. It develops in moist and warm conditions. So, it affects people, who wear socks and shoes for a long time and perspire a lot. The fungi are also found on sports equipment.

Symptoms

The most common type of symptoms of athlete's foot are peeling, cracking and sometimes white skin. Sometimes, the patient may also experience blisters, redness, and itching and stinging skin.

Diagnosis and treatment

Consult a dermatologist to know the exact cause of itchy skin as itchiness may not necessarily be due to athlete's foot. Apply a topical anti-fungal ointment, which you can easily get over the counter or buy online. If you have a severe infection, your doctor may suggest some oral medications as well. Keep your foot dry as much as possible.

  1. Yeast infection

Such types of infections mostly occur in the vaginal area and they happen due to the overgrowth of candida. Sometimes, the consumption of antibiotics, hormonal imbalances, stress and unhealthy eating habits also lead to the imbalance of bacteria and yeast in the vaginal area and leads to such type of infections.

Symptoms

Itchiness and inflammation around the vagina
Discomfort or burning sensation during sexual intercourse or urination
Soreness and redness
Unusual or excessively watery discharge from the vagina

Rashes may also occur if the infection progresses. It shouldn't be left untreated otherwise it may become severe.

Diagnosis and treatment

A skin doctor will check the patient's medical history & examine the vaginal walls and cervix; He may also investigate any history of sexually transmitted infections. The infection is usually treated according to its security. Your skin specialist may prescribe topical ointments, suppositories and tablets. However, if the infection is complicated, your dermatologist will suggest some complex treatment. Visit the best dermatologist in Bangalore and he would tell you that apart from skin care, it’s very important to take a balanced diet and stay away from stress. Don't wear tight fitting clothes and wash your undergarments in very hot water.

  1. Jock's itch

The Jock's Itch is another type of fungal infection, which is quite common and it develops in the moist and damp areas of our body such as inner thighs, groin and buttocks. The fungi thrive in humid and warm weather. It is a contagious disease.

Symptoms

Itchy skin and red rashes
Skin irritation and burning sensation
Red rash with raised edges and circular shape

Diagnosis and treatment

A Dermatologist would prescribe topical anti-fungal creams, which may be sufficient in mild cases. Wearing loose-fitting cotton undergarments also helps.

  1. Ringworm

Ringworm thrives on dead tissues such as skin nails and hair. It is also behind major infections such as athlete's foot and jock itch. When it appears on the body other than the foot and groin area, it is referred to as ringworm.

Symptoms

It can be easily spotted as it appears as a red patch with raised skin. It may spread if left untreated. It is a highly contagious infection and transmits through the skin to skin contact and use of common clothes and towels.

Diagnosis and treatment

A skin specialist would generally give out a prescription which is usually according to the severity of symptoms. In most of the cases over the counter anti-fungal creams are enough, but in severe conditions, a proper prescription is required.

Risk factors

The reasons fungal infections thrive in humans are the absence of proper hygiene and poor eating habits. They can be extremely painful and can cause discomfort if left untreated. The intake of antibiotics and a weak immune system are some of the other factors responsible for the development of fungal infections.

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