PCOD: here’s how to solve your fertility woes
Women with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are commonly plagued with doubts about their potential to conceive. As a condition, PCOD disrupts the functioning of female hormones called endocrines, causing abnormal ovulation cycles. However, the good news is, PCOD patients can conceive if given the right medical treatment.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
PCOD triggers multiple symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles, acne, pigmentation and insulin resistance. Patients display single or multiple symptoms without realizing the cause, and it is often the doctor’s job to ask the right questions to arrive at an accurate diagnosis.
Why does PCOD occur?
PCOD is commonly diagnosed among women with insufficient physical activity, coupled with eating habits that lead to weight gain. Some studies show that genetic reasons may lead to irregular periods. For instance, doctors opine that the syndrome could be passed down from mother to daughter. The genetic cause for the condition, however, is still a debated topic.
Prevalent treatments for PCOD
Treatments for PCOD are results-driven: they vary depending on whether the patient wants to conceive or not. Commonly, patients are advised to take up lifestyle remedies- such as diets, and exercises. A diet, where one’s intake of carbohydrates is limited, coupled with prescribed physical activity, has proved in many cases to help achieve normal menstrual cycles. Reduction in weight helps immensely to achieve the desired results.
Medications and hormonal injections aimed at inducing ovulation is a common approach to boost fertility. Invasive mechanisms using laparoscopy – laparoscopic ovarian drilling – is deployed in some cases to help resume normal ovulation. Here, parts of the ovary are drilled by a surgeon with an aim to reduce the thickness of ovarian walls. Success rates in this surgical technique varies between 20% to 40%.
IUI and IVF: how expensive are the treatments?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI), where the sperm is placed inside the mother’s womb to aid insemination, as well as in Vitro Fertilization (IVF) involving the manual or artificial combination of egg and sperm in a laboratory, are learned to improve success rates by 15% to 25% per cycle. In India, IUI treatment can cost upto Rs 20,000, while an IVF package is more expensive, ranging from Rs 50,000 to Rs 100,000.