Depression in its simplest form can be described as a “negative turn in the way you feel, think and handle daily activities. Even though there are more than 10 million cases of depression reported in India each year, many people still choose to ignore the depression assuming that it will go with time. But once depression strikes, it’s there to stay and here’s the worst part: There’s not one, but multiple types of depression. They come from anywhere and everywhere and they don’t rest till they make your life a living hell. So read on to know the multiple types of depression because ‘being informed’ is the first step towards a cure.
Major Depression: Major depression, also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Symptoms of Major Depression:
1) Low Self Esteem.
2) Unpredictable pain.
3) Loss of interest.
7) Recurring thoughts about death.
8) Insomnia or Hypersomnia.
9) Unexpected weight loss or weight gain.
Persistent Depression: Persistent depression (persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia) is a chronic (ongoing) type of depression in which a person’s moods are regularly low.
Symptoms of Persistent Depression:
2) Melancholic mood.
4) Overeating or low appetite.
5) Poor concentration.
6) Insomnia or hypersomnia.
7) Pessimistic point of view.
Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar Disorder is mental condition marked by alternating periods of elation and depression.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder:
1) Dramatic Increase in energy.
2) Loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities.
3) Impulsive Behaviour.
4) Self Harm.
5) Delusional thoughts.
6) Lack of concentration.
7) Rapid speaking.
8) Manic episodes.
Seasonal Affective Disorder: In Seasonal Affective Disorder, the depression is associated with specific seasons and thought to be caused by a lack of light.
Symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder:
1) Anger and anxiety.
4) Repeatedly going over thoughts.
5) Rapid change in weight and appetite
7) Mood swings.
8) Unexpected crying.
Psychotic Depression: Psychotic depression is a subtype of major depression. It includes depression and psychosis. The psychosis could be a break from the reality in the form of hallucinations (seeing and hearing things which don’t really exist) or delusions ( intense feelings of worthlessness or failure)
Symptoms of Psychotic Depression:
2) Intellectual impairment.
4) Physical Immobility.
Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression: Peripartum or Postpartum depression is moderate to severe depression in a woman after she has given birth. It may occur soon after delivery or up to a year later.
Symptoms of Peripartum (Postpartum) Depression:
1) General Discontent.
3) Panic attacks
6) Social Isolation.
7) Thought disorder
9) Repeating thoughts.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 3–8% of menstruating women. The disorder consists of a “cluster of affective, behavioral and somatic symptoms” that recur monthly during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder:
1) Mood swings.
3) Breast tenderness
5) Lack of concentration.
6) Conflicts with other people.
7) Cramps and Bloating.
9) Joint or muscle pain.
Situational Depression: Situational depression is a short-term form of depression that can occur in the aftermath of various traumatic changes in your normal life, including divorce, retirement, loss of a job and the death of a relative or close friend. Doctors sometimes refer to the condition as an adjustment disorder.
Symptoms of Situational Depression:
Depression strikes only in specific situations.
Atypical Depression: Atypical depression, or depression with atypical features as it has been known in the DSM-IV, is depression that shares many of the typical symptoms of the psychiatric syndromes major depression or dysthymia but is characterized by the improved mood in response to positive events.
Symptoms of Atypical Depression:
1) Sad mood throughout the day.
2) Loss of energy daily.
3) Physical Restlessness.
4) Rapid change in weight.
5) Lack of concentration.
6) Lack of decision-making skills.
7) Thoughts of death or suicide.
8) Insomnia or excessive sleep.
Have you noticed any of the above-mentioned symptoms in yourself or your loved ones? Don’t fight depression alone. Get help from specialist doctors with just a click only on DocsApp.